The foot and ankle in the human body work together to provide balance, stability, movement, and propulsion. The ankle consists of three bones attached by muscles, tendons, and ligaments that connect the foot to the leg. In the lower leg are two bones called the tibia (shin bone) and the fibula. These bones articulate (connect) to the Talus or ankle bone at the tibiotalar joint (ankle joint) allowing the foot to move up and down.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
The achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping.
A sprain is the stretching or tearing of ligaments, which connect adjacent bones and provide stability to a joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when you suddenly fall or twist the joint or when you land with your foot in an awkward position after a jump.
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which an arthroscope, a pencil sized tube with a light and video camera at the end, is inserted into the ankle joint to evaluate and treat a variety of conditions. An arthroscope is a small, fiber-optic instrument consisting of a lens, light source, and video camera.
The ankle is made up of the tibia and fibula bones of the lower leg, and the tarsus bone of the foot. They are held together by ligaments, which provide strength and stability during movement.
The ankle joint is composed of three bones: the tibia, fibula, and talus which are articulated together. The ends of the fibula and tibia (lower leg bones) form the inner and outer malleolus, which are the bony protrusions of the ankle joint that you can feel and see on either side of the ankle.
Ankle Instability Surgery
Ankle instability surgery is performed to treat an unstable ankle and involves the repair or replacement of a torn or stretched ligament.